Estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus)

Estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is a type of crocodile that lived mainly in the rivers and the sea near the mouth. Regional distribution can be found throughout the waters of Indonesia. The muzzle of this species is quite wide and do not have scales on the neck width. Medium body length including the tail can reach 12 meters as it had been found in Sangatta, East Kalimantan. I personally just see estuarine crocodiles directly longest size of about 6 m with a width of body about 0.5 m in Lampung. Estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is an animal rainforest.

Estuarine crocodile is known as the largest crocodile in the world, much bigger than the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) and the American Alligator (Alligator mississipiensis). Spread was also "the largest" in the world; estuarine crocodiles have started the overseas territory of the waters of the Bay of Bengal (Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India) to the waters of Polynesia (Fiji Islands and Vanuatu). While the favorite habitat for them of course the waters of Indonesia and Australia.

Estuarine crocodiles are able to jump out of the water to attack prey. Even when the water depth exceeds the length of the body, estuarine crocodiles are able to jump and pounce vertically reaching a height equal to body length. Estuarine crocodiles like brackish water / salt, and therefore also Australia named it the nation's saltwater crocodile (saltwater crocodile). In addition to the largest and longest, Crocodile Estuary is also famous as the world's most vicious type of crocodile.

Estuarine crocodile is a reptile unique in the world, and use their blood system to remove salt from the body. Glands at the back of their tongue aqueous remove excess salt if the animals that live in extremely salty environments.
Estuarine crocodile is also one of the few reptiles that had four heart chambers (like humans) and has the ability to slow their heart rate cute one every thirty seconds or more. Crocodiles can hold their breath four to six hours in the water. In the wild Queensland Australia, a crocodile has been observed to dive and hold his breath in water for three hours and ten minutes. Estuarine crocodile has three protective clear eyelid called a nictitating membrane. This allows them to see while swimming. Swim while looking at is the "crocodile-style". Estuarine crocodile tail length is 49.5% of the total body length, the longest of all kinds of crocodiles

Keyword: Estuarine crocodile, Crocodylus porosu, Crocodile
original post in Indonesian blogmhariyanto