Leopards Java (Phantera pardus)

Leopards Java  (Phantera pardus)
Leopards Java  (Phantera pardus) have variations in morphology. In general, the coat color varies from pale yellow to dark gold color with a pattern of black spots. Head, lower legs and the abdomen black spots. Coat colors and patterns associated with the type of they habitat. Leopards Java  (Phantera pardus) is an animal rainforest.

Children born with a number of tiger tail 2-3, but infant mortality is also high and tiger female parent are rarely seen together with more than 1-2 kids tiger. Females who are pregnant will find caves, crevices among boulders, hollow tree, or among shrubs, as a place to give birth and to make a nest. Children tiger will open his eyes within 10 days after birth.

Leopard fur of children tend to be longer and thicker fur than the adult Leopard. Fur color is gray and has a pattern of spots on his fur a little. During 3 months, children will follow their parent Leopard to hunt. After Leopard 1 year old, then he has to hunt for himself, but the parent will protect it for 18-24 months (Nowak, 1997, Guggisberg, 1975).

Leopard female tigers tends to raise children, but according to recent reports note that male leopards also helping care for the female parent (spouse) and child tiger, for example by bringing the prey as food for them (Guggisberg, 1975).

Behavior leopard famous for its ability to go undetected. They can live among humans. They are experts in climbing, but do not swim like tigers, leopards will not lay in water. They are nocturnal animals but can be seen in the daytime. These tigers live solitary, avoiding each other.

But they sometimes terlhat together as much as 3 to 4 tails. They have a strong hearing and vision. When carrying out a threat, leopards elongate his body and lowered his head (same as in the domestic cat). In the daytime they are usually lying on a rock, or in trees. Leopards can be viewed at any time during the day. They actually are nocturnal animals, but leopards that live in the conservation area they are more diurnal, although often seen hunting in daylight. Leopards good in climbing, lowering his head first.

More leopard hunting on the ground, and is a reliable hunter with an average width of 275 m. The hunting area their prey before eating it. Leopard will drag its prey, and lifted up the branches, although often prey larger than its body for example antelope.

Two-thirds of his time is spent resting, most of his time spent in the trees, on rock or in the nests of birds of prey. Leopards live solitary, spreading depends on the availability of food sources. They do the marking territory with urine and makes removing scratches on trees. They are more adaptable than lions and tigers and can live in dense areas. Leopards live in the forests of an unspoiled and pastures. The presence of leopard strongly influenced the amount of food and natural conditions for camouflage in the hunt or protect themselves.

Globally, leopard spread in many regions including Asia and Africa. The size distribution of the leopard is causing genetic and morphological variation in each subspesiesnya.

In Indonesia, leopards exist only on the island of Java. Currently in West Java, the leopard can still be found in the region:

1. Mount Salak
2. Mist Mountain National Park
3. National Park Mount Gede Pangranggo
4. Forest Sancang
5. Patuha Ciwidey
6. Mount Simpang Nature Reserve Cianjur
7. Mountain Nature Reserve Tilu Cianjur

Habitat and Distribution
Among the other members of the family Felidae, leopard is the most adaptable species and can be found in almost all habitats. Asia is a region with a broad spectrum of environments, and the leopard is almost at any place.

In Indonesia, leopards are found only in the areas of Java. Leopards Java  (Phantera pardus) is not found in Sumatra due to the presence of tigers and other spesiae sixth of the family Felidae. Leopard is also not found on the island of Borneo because of the unavailability of their main prey.

Keyword: Leopards Java, Phantera pardus
original post in Indonesian blogmhariyanto