Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatraensis) only in Indonesia

The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatraensis) is the only one of the remaining tiger subspecies in Indonesia. Its existence until now increasingly alarming. Loss of habitat and prey (Bovidae and Cervidae) causes the animals that live on Sumatra is increasingly threatened its existence. Currently estimated to range from 400-500  remaining in the wild (Seidenstiker, 1999).

The Sumatran tiger (Panthera Tigris Sumatraensis)
Sumatran Tiger

The length of a male Sumatran tiger can reach 2.2 to 2.8 meters, while the females from 2.15 to 2.3 meters. Height is measured from foot to neck the average was 75 cm, but there is also a reach between 80-95 cm, and weighs 130-255 kg. These animals have long fur 8-11 mm, the mane on a male Sumatran tiger measuring 11-13 cm.

Sumatran tiger stripes are thinner than other tiger subspecies. This subspecies also had more beard and mane than other subspecies, mainly male tiger.

Its small size makes it easier to explore the jungle. There is a membrane in between the fingers that make them able to swim fast. Tigers are known to drive hoofed prey into the water, especially if the prey animal is a slow swimmer. Its fur changes color to dark green when giving birth.

Sumatran Tiger

Sumatran tigers, including the type that normally prey Carnivora: Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor), Deer (Muntiacus muntjak), hare (Tragulus sp.), And wild boar (Sus sp.). Wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), Tapir (Tapirus indicus), monkey (Macaca irus), Langur (Presbytis entellus), porcupine (Hystrix brachyura), pangolin (Manis javanica), Bear honey (Heralctos malayanus), the kinds of reptiles such as turtles turtles, snakes, and lizards, and various species of birds, fish, and frogs and other types of other wildlife.

Pets or livestock are also often fall prey to tigers are buffalo, goat, sheep, cows, dogs and chickens. Usually these animals are hunted tiger when the tiger habitat is disturbed or damaged thereby forcing the tiger out of its habitat to residential or prey in the wild stock is up or greatly reduced in number.

To meet the needs of food, hunting tigers 3-6 days, depending on the obtainment of small prey. Usually a tiger needs about 6-7 kg of meat per day, sometimes even up to 40 kg of meat meal. The magnitude of this requirement depends on whether the tiger is looking for food for himself or tigress who have to feed her children (Macdonald, 1986; Mountfort, 1973). The lifetime of a tiger is about 10 - 15 years. Tigers living in captivity are generally much longer, can reach 16 - 25 years (Macdonald, 1986).
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrate
Classes: mammalian
Infra-class: Eutheria
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Fissipedia
Super family: Felloidea
Family: Felidae
Sub-family: Pantherina
Genus: Panthera
Species: Panthera tigris
Subspecies: Panthera tigris sumatrae
Population of Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatraensis) in their natural habitat as a whole is not known precisely, but it is certain that the population is now in very critical condition.

Sumatran Tiger

This condition if not treated seriously and intensively to ensure that the Sumatran tiger in the wild populations will decline rapidly and not long be extinct as it had happened in Bali tiger, Caspian and Javan tigers that have been considered extinct.

According to records available in the year 1800 - 1900 the number of Sumatran Tigers are still very much, reaching thousands of individuals. In 1978, a survey estimated the number of Sumatran Tiger is about 1000. After that Sumatra has developed very rapidly among others, in agriculture, plantation and forestry as well as residential and industrial development. Consequently diminishing tiger habitat which automatically resulted also in the population. An estimated current population of about 500 Sumatran tigers in the tail, which spread across the main conservation area outside the 400 individuals and 100 individuals living conservation area.